韓國政府發展出一套「住居階梯模式（Housing Ladder Model）」，透過住居福利整合模式，協助社會弱勢族群並鼓勵不同社經背景的人群共居。
目標在於提升國家的包容性，韓國政府發展出一套「住居階梯模式（Housing Ladder Model）」，透過住居福利整合模式，協助社會弱勢族群並鼓勵不同社經背景的人群共居。韓國政府致力於針對特定社會背景與收入族群，如青年、新婚、銀髮與低收入家戶，提供一百零五萬套住宅。到了2022年，我們期待韓國的整體公共出租住宅數量會到達兩百萬套。
Affordable Housing for Inclusive Cities：Korean Cases delivered by LH
Byeon, Chang-Heum, CEO, Korea Land and Housing Corporation
With the goal of making the nation more inclusive to all, the Korean government has developed a “Housing Ladder Model,” an integrated housing welfare model that assists the socially vulnerable and encourages people of various socioeconomic backgrounds to live alongside one another. The Korean government is striving to supply 1.05 million public housing units targeting such social and income brackets as young adults, newlyweds, elderly, and low-income households. By 2022, we expect that the total number of public rental housing supplied in Korea will reach 2 million units.
Korea Land and Housing Corporation (LH), mandated to execute the central government’s affordable housing program, has been the operator in charge of supplying and managing approximately one million units of public rentals for three decades since the 1990s. Korea’s public rental housing program fulfills the functions of a social safety net, lowering rent burden and lowering the market entry threshold; it also serves the role of stabilizing the housing market and facilitating access to homeownership. In addition to pursuing growth in quantity and quality, LH has recently begun to focus on improving housing services. That is because providing only the physical hardware of public housing is not sufficient for such complex problems as economic difficulties associated with disability, job loss, and aging; childcare in double-income households; or single-member households without access to family support (e.g. seniors who live alone). At the most basic level, LH housing services target the tenants of public rental houses, although we are trying to expand and diversify the beneficiary group by working with local governments, non-profits, local activists, and social enterprises. At the secondary level, LH seeks to provide housing-related support to everyone. Since the founding of the “My Home Center,” a national program for providing housing-related welfare services to all, in 2015, 56 centers are operating nationwide as of July 2019 and the central government commissioned LH to operate the “My Home Centers.”
The presentation has five parts. First, it paints an overview of Korean housing welfare since the 2000s when the housing welfare policy started in earnest and highlights the main issues. The second part introduces various housing welfare support mechanisms targeting low-and middle-income groups and looks at the role of LH as a public corporation. The third part looks at the track record and performances of Korea’s public rental housing programs in terms of providing affordable housing. The fourth part highlights major achievements. Achievements from the beneficiaries’ standpoint include improved housing situations, lighter rent burden, long-term housing stability; from the government’s standpoint, achievements include stabilization of the overall housing market and improved housing access for citizens. Meanwhile, LH also works to fulfill common social values by supporting the “Housing Plus Service” and operating online and offline “My Home Centers, which help enhance housing-related experiences for all citizens. The final part deals with the future directions of the Korean government and the role of LH in making cities more inclusive and enhancing housing welfare.